The grandson of Little Bear and the son of Iron Whip, White Eagle was
the hereditary chief of the Poncas when they came to Indian Territory in
1877. As chief, he led the Poncas in their last war against the Souix
before they left Dakota Territory and Nebraska. He was also the medicine
man and religious advisor.
White eagle led the "hot country" Poncas, those who chose to remain in
Indian Territory, for 50 years. In his last years when the tribe was
engaged in negotiations over allotment, White Eagle reluctantly
encouraged his people to comply. Shortly before his death in 1914, he
passed leadership of the tribe to his eldest son and the last hereditary
chief, Horse Chief Eagle. White Eagle's death was an occasion of great
ceremony. Dressed in his traditional regalia, he was buried in the Ponca
cemetery near White Eagle, the village that bore his name near the Ponca
agency. The chief's favorite horse was killed at his grave side. On a
hill about ten miles south of the 101 Ranch White House, the Miller
brothers had a tall stone pillar erected in memory of the old chief. On
top, its eyes watching over the rolling prairie, is a white stone eagle.
From: Thomas Brown, 'In Pursuit of Justice:
The Ponca Indians in Indian Territory', 1877-1905 in:
Robert E. Smith, Ed "Oklahomas Forgotten Indians"
Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society,1981 pg.53-67
Ellsworth, Collings and Alma Miller England,
"The 101 Ranch" Norman: University of Oklahoma Press 1971,
Muriel Wright, "A Guide To the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma"
Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1971, pp.211-214
Found on page 38 of NCOHA's award winning book.